The powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the States, are reserved to the States respectively, or to the people. – The Tenth Amendment to the Constitution
The Tenth Amendment appears to be the hue and cry of states’ rights advocates all across the country that would like to strip the federal government of its power and grant that power to the individual states. Why we would want to retreat to the chaos before the birth of our nation or the Civil War escapes me. It would seem that breaking up this country would be contrary to the intentions of the founding fathers to unite it into a “More Perfect Union”.[So What's This Got to Do with Murder?]
I can only guess that this is a throwback to the beginning of our nation when
tribal areas colonies would have some hesitation about uniting into one country and surrendering some of their power to a federal government.
One such obvious fragmentation is in our educational system. It appears our biggest competitor on the world stage in several areas is China. Considering we are the wealthiest country in the world, our STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics) education is horribly lacking compared to that of the rest of the world. This isn’t surprising considering that China has a nationally unified educational system while ours is fragmented 50 ways. The only influence the federal government can claim is through bribery using funding.
Another, more important, diffusion appears to be in the American approach to violence. Johan M.G. van der Dennen categorizes violence into spontaneous, pathological and organized violence. Professor van der Dennen goes into a heavy dissertation about the social implications of organized violence (war, civil disorder, organized crime, insurrection, gang violence, etc.) but for this post, I will be concentrating on spontaneous violence (murder, rape, assault, battery, etc.)
According to the Washington Post
Americans are slain at a much higher rate than citizens in other developed nations. The U.S. homicide rate of roughly five per 100,000 people is about three times that of Canada, about four times that of Australia, nearly five times Britain’s rate and about 12 times the rate in Japan. The U.S. rate is also roughly five times that of China.
I haven’t been able to verify this online, but I believe the United States is the only industrialized country that is ruled federally but laws against spontaneous violence are created and enforced at the
tribal area provincial level. With some exceptions, such as military and federal employees, we don’t have criminal enforcement against spontaneous violence at the federal level. Even the Violence Against Women Act offers only civil restitution and not criminal enforcement. The ability for women to sue at the federal level was overturned by the courts.
The most basic freedom and human right is to feel protected from harm. I have no doubt that the neo-confederates are going to disagree with me, but I think this country could use a more uniform approach to laws and resources pertaining to violence as opposed to a system that just shuttles violent individuals to
tribal regions locales that have more lenient laws pertaining to violence or have ineffective law enforcement. As far as I can conclude, the later reason is why people desperately cling to guns and religion in rural areas.
In light of the heinous mass violence that has been occurring over the last several years, it would seem reasonable, at the very least, to have a centralized policy at a federal level that may or may not include capital punishment for the most abhorrent violent crimes against the people of our country. It would seem to be the most effective rule of law for a civilized society.